The society of the leisure activities in the shadow of the value work

French are often seen as being fond of leisure time and leisure time activities. The present research shows that even if leisure time and social relations became more and more important over the last twenty years, they remain still less important than in other comparable countries such as Germany or the UK: this is true from the perspective of the available leisure time as well as with regard to the household budget dedicated to leisure time and culture, the population aspirations or the use of leisure time. On the contrary, in France, one can rather observe an overestimation of the professional sphere, which is seen as both, a duty to society and a way of self-fulfilment. Continue reading

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Evolution of the living conditions and the aspiration of seniors in France for 30 years

This study emphasizes that seniors from nowadays haven’t really much in common with seniors from thirty years ago. Baby-boomers appear as a “golden” generation who benefitted most from social rise, the spectacular improvement of living conditions, the access to property, increased life expectancy, a society of consumption which is more attainable for them as for the generation before or the generation after, an accumulation of patrimony bearing any comparison, a leisure time society they are using for remodeling their ways of sociability – less family-centered and more oriented to friends, cultural life, holidays or sportive and associative activities. Continue reading

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A second life for objects? A sustainable practice

The conomic crisis has many consequences such as shrinking living standards and making the poor even poorer. Moreover, it questions our production and consumption models.
In the framework of a general reflection on sustainable consumption which favours a reduction in used resources and produced waste, the CRÉDOC has analysed the practices promoting the “second life” of objects: second hand purchase, joint purchasing, resale, renting, lending, giving, recycling… Continue reading

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Direct selling should invest in new technologies and human resources

For the last twenty years, direct selling has increased a lot in France. Since 1993, the number of companies employing at least one person has been multiplied by 2.3. Moreover, the added value increased by more than 30% between 2000 and 2009. Yet it’s hard for these companies to attract and keep sellers. Continue reading

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Energy performance in the service sector: teaching the users is an issue of major importance

Controlling energy costs in the service sector buildings has become an issue of major importance, on the one hand to fulfil the objectives of the Grenelle de l’environnement (the French protocol on climate change) and on the other hand to implement the company strategies to decrease their expenses. The current trend is to automate and centralise the heating, ventilation and lighting systems. Some building standards such as HQE (Environmental high quality) and BBC (Low consumption building) are the practical applications of these objectives and enable a wider use of automated systems. Continue reading

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